la Dinamolisi di
Specie Asimina triloba
(L.) Michel Félix Dunal
Amedeo Moretti produttore bio a
Tresivio (SO) 2011
Un frutto davvero
Pawpaw: a food for everyone
Pawpaws, also known as papaya, maoli, tebabaia, esi, vininita,
paipai, es, olesi, lesi, popo, mummy apple and many other names,
grow on almost every island in the Pacific. The fruit of the
pawpaw is one of the tastiest and healthiest foods found in the
islands. People eat pawpaw almost every day and it is a popular
breakfast fruit in many countries. But in some islands, people
let the pawpaw rot, leave it for the birds, or feed it to the
pigs. These people are not making full use of the good taste and
food value of the pawpaw. Pawpaw is not just a food for animals
- people should enjoy it too, either ripe as a fruit or green as
The pawpaw tree...
tree has the scientific name Carica papaya. There are three
kinds of pawpaw trees.
Female and hermaphrodite trees bear
fruits at the base of their crowns.
Female pawpaw trees have
fruit and flowers that grow on short stalks at the base of the
leaves. To bear fruit, female trees need pollen from nearby male
Male pawpaw trees have flowers that grow on long
hanging stalks. Although male trees may sometimes bear fruit, it
is not good to eat. Usually one male tree is planted for every
eight to ten female trees.
Hermaphrodite pawpaw trees have
both male and female flowers. The male flowers supply the pollen
the female flowers need to produce fruit, so a single tree can
bear fruit alone.
Pawpaws are usually grown from seeds. The
seeds can either be sown in a nursery, then transplanted, or
planted directly in the soil If planted directly, they should be
spaced 6 - 8 feet apart and then thinned to ensure healthy
... and its delicious fruit
than a year after planting, pawpaw trees begin bearing fruit.
When the fruit turns yellow, it is ripe. The ripe fruit is very
soft and must be handled carefully so that the skin will not
When the ripe pawpaw is picked, the stalks should be
cut close to the trunk of the tree. If this is not done, the
other fruits still on the tree may be hurt by the sharp end of
Every island home should have at least one pawpaw
tree growing nearby. A family can enjoy 15 to 30 pawpaw fruit a
year from a fully grown tree. The shape, size, colour and
flavour vary between varieties, but all are tasty and full of
Half a slice (approximately ¼ cup) of ripe pawpaw
supplies 21% of the Vitamin A and 178% of the Vitamin C needed
by a child (1 - 10 yrs.) each day. One small apple supplies only
1% of the Vitamin A and 20% of the Vitamin C needed.
An excellent source of vitamins
Ripe pawpaw contains plenty of Vitamin A, which is needed for
proper growth, healthy eyes and protection from disease. Green
pawpaws do not contain as much Vitamin A.
Pawpaw is also a
good source of Vitamin C, which keeps the body tissues strong,
helps the body use iron and assists chemical actions in the
The amount of Vitamin C in pawpaw increases as the
fruit ripens. A pawpaw that still has green skin has only 60 to
70 per cent of the Vitamin C that a fully ripe one has.
Pawpaw contains more Vitamin A and Vitamin C than many other
fruits, especially imported fruits. As the bar graph shows, a
young child would have to eat about 10 apples to get as much
Vitamin C as she or he can get from half a slice of pawpaw. So
why buy expensive imported apples when you can eat delicious,
tasty and readily available pawpaw instead?
A fruit for all the family
Because pawpaw is high in vitamins and easy to digest, it is an
excellent food for babies. When babies are 4 - 6 months old,
they need to be given soft foods as well as breast milk. Pawpaw
juice or mashed ripe pawpaw makes an excellent first food for
To make pawpaw juice: press a little ripe pawpaw
flesh through a clean wire strainer or a clean cloth, then add
some cooled boiled water. Do not add sugar.
As children grow
up, they should continue to eat lots of pawpaw. This fruit is
much healthier for children than sweets or snacks bought at the
Pawpaw is also good for sick people, especially those
whose stomachs get upset when they eat meat, chicken or eggs.
Eating pawpaw with these foods sometimes makes them easier to
But pawpaw is not only for babies, children, and sick
people. Plain, or with a little lemon or lime juice, a slice of
pawpaw is a good way for anyone to start the day. A slice of
pawpaw has more Vitamin C than an adult needs in one day. Eating
just bread, rice or hard biscuits in the morning does not
provide any Vitamin C.
The pawpaw is not only delicious and full
of vitamins and flavour, but also has a special useful substance.
The leaves and green fruit of the pawpaw tree contain a chemical
called papain. Papain can be used in some special ways. For
To make meat or octopus tender, wrap in pawpaw
leaves and leave overnight, or rub the juice of the green pawpaw
into the meat or octopus. (To get the juice, score or cut the
skin of a green pawpaw with a knife and let the juice drip onto
a clean plate.) Papain is also used commercially for the
manufacture of meat tenderizers.
To treat insect stings, rub
with the juice of a green pawpaw to lessen the pain. But be
careful! Pawpaw juice in the eye will hurt.
intestinal worms or as a treatment for indigestion, mix three to
four teaspoons of the milky juice of the green pawpaw with the
same amount of honey, stir into a cup of hot water, and drink.
To wash clothes and remove stains, use young pawpaw leaves
instead of soap. First rub clothes with crushed pawpaw leaves,
then rub the clothes against each other during washing.
Pawpaw leaves contain papain, a chemical with many uses.
Preparation and preservation
most nutritious way of eating pawpaw is to eat it fresh when it
is ripe. Green fruit can be used in salads. It can also be
cooked to give variety to meals. Firm ripe or green pawpaw is
good baked or stewed with other foods.
Pawpaw should never be
cooked longer than necessary. Important vitamins can be lost by
overcooking. Covering the pot with a lid while cooking helps to
save the vitamins.
Drying is a good way to preserve pawpaw.
To dry pawpaw: cut fresh ripe pawpaw into cubes. Lay the cubes
on clean trays or clean banana leaves and leave them in the sun
for two or three days. Turn the pawpaw cubes over two or three
times a day so that they dry evenly. If flies are a problem,
cover the pawpaw with netting. A solar drier can be used to dry
pawpaw more quickly.
Dried pawpaw will keep for several
months when stored in a tightly sealed jar, tin or plastic bag.
It makes an excellent snack for children.
La splendida Cristallizzazione
Sensibile dell' estratto di Pawpaw frutto (Asimina
triloba) - 0,3 ml
L'esplosione di vitalità
nella Dinamolisi Capillare
variante "blu" di Peruzzi - di estratto di Pawpaw
frutto (Asimina triloba)
Pawpaw - coconut pudding
1½ cups pawpaw pulp
7 tablespoons cornflour or cassava
cups thin coconut cream (from 1 coconut plus water)
1. To prepare the
pawpaw pulp, peel the pawpaw and remove the seeds. Chop
the pawpaw into small pieces, press it through a medium
sieve or mash with a fork, then measure.
2. Gradually stir in the cornflour or
3. Cook over a low heat, stirring all
the time, until the mixture thickens.
4. Add coconut cream and cook 5 - 10
minutes. (When cool, the mixture should barely hold its
shape; it should not be stiff enough to mould.)
5. Pour into a deep dish and chill,
6. Serve plain, or with coconut cream.
Green pawpaw curry
2 medium-sized green pawpaws
2 tablespoons butter, margarine or
large onion, chopped
2 cloves crushed garlic (optional)
1 small piece grated ginger
1 tablespoon curry powder
1 cup coconut cream
1 cup water
½ cup lemon juice
1. Melt the butter,
margarine or dripping.
2. Fry the onion, garlic and ginger
for 3 minutes.
3. Add the chillies and curry powder
and cook for about 5 minutes, until the mixture is a rich
golden brown colour.
4. Slowly stir in the coconut cream
5. Wash and peel the pawpaw, remove the seeds and chop
into cubes. Add the pawpaw cubes to the curry sauce. Cook
for about 30 minutes, stirring occasionally. Add lemon
juice and pepper to taste.
6. Serve hot with cooked taro sweet
potato or breadfruit.
Green pawpaw and
1 medium-sized fish
1 cup coconut cream (from 1 coconut)
2 cups coarsely grated green pawpaw
1 tablespoon soy sauce
3 cups water
1. Clean fish and
cut into pieces.
2. Bring 3 cups water to the boil,
add fish, then boil for 10 minutes. Remove bones.
3. Add grated pawpaws and soy sauce,
then cook until tender (about 10 minutes.)
4. Add coconut cream, stir once, and
remove from heat.
5. Serve hot.
2 cups diced ripe pawpaw
2 cups diced pineapple
6 tablespoons lemon juice
1. Mix together
all the ingredients.
2. Leave for half an hour in a cool
place, then serve with cooked fish or meat and some taro
breadfruit or sweet potato.
1 medium-sized half-ripe pawpaw
¾ cup cooked minced meat or any
¾ cup cooked rice or leftover cooked
root crops (chopped)
1 small onion
1 egg, beaten
¼ teaspoon salt
¼ teaspoon pepper
1. Cut stalk end
off pawpaw and save. Scoop out seeds.
2. Finely chop onion and fry in 2
tablespoons of oil.
3. Put onion, cooked minced meat and
cooked rice or root crops in a bowl, then add beaten egg,
salt and pepper.
4. Mix ingredients well, then stuff
into pawpaw. Attach the stalk end to the pawpaw, using a
toothpick or the middle rite from a coconut leaf.
5. Brush with oil and bake at 180°C
(350°F) until pawpaw is soft (45 minutes to one hour). Any
type of oven can be used. The pawpaw can also be steamed.
6. Serve with boiled green leaves or
salad, if desired.
1 ripe pawpaw
1. Wash and peel
the pawpaw and remove the seeds.
2. Slice thinly.
3. Spread out a clean plastic bag or
a small tightly woven mat of coconut palm leaves.
4. Sprinkle cinnamon on top of
The slices of pawpaw must be as thin as possible so that
they will dry quickly. If they are too thick they will not
dry well, and later they may spoil.
6. Dry the pawpaw in the sun until
the slices will come off the plastic or mat without
When dry, remove the pawpaw from the plastic or mat, and
store in a clean glass jar.
8. Makes a very healthy and
nutritious snack for children instead of expensive follies
bought from the store.
Note: This recipe
can also be used for other fruits such as mango.
1 small half-ripe but firm pawpaw
1 tablespoon coconut cream or
2 tablespoons lemon juice
8 lettuce leaves;
1. Peel skin from
pawpaw and slice or grate the fruit thinly.
2. Rinse with clean fresh water and
3. Mix together the coconut cream or vegetable oil, lemon
juice and a pinch of pepper.
4. Pour mixture over grated pawpaw
and let stand for at least 10 minutes.
5. Serve on lettuce leaves.
2 cups ripe pawpaw pulp
2 cups milk or thin coconut cream
4 teaspoons lemon or lime juice
1. To prepare
pawpaw pulp, peel the pawpaw and remove the seeds, chop it
into small pieces, press it through a coarse sieve or mash
with a fork, then measure.
2. Add the lemon juice and milk or
thin coconut cream and mix well.
3. Serve immediately or, if possible,
chill for a short time.
© Copyright South Pacific
Community Health Services
South Pacific Commission
B.P. D5, Noumea Cedex